Judo, a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport developed in Japan in 1882 by Japanese polymath and educator Jigoro Kano. The central idea behind Kano’s vision was maximum efficiency, minimum effort with mutual welfare and benefit.
There are three basic techniques in judo: nage-waza, katame-waza and atemi-waza. Nage waza include all techniques in which tori attempts to throw or trip uke, usually with the aim of placing uke on his back.
Each technique has three distinct stages: Kuzushi(the initial balance break),Tsukuri (the act of turning in and fitting into the throw and Kake(the execution and completion of the throw). Nage waza is further categorized into tachi-waza(the standing technique) which includes throws that are performed holding an upright position and sutemi-waza ( sacrifice techniques) in which tori sacrifices his upright position in order to throw uke. Continue reading →